Kidney stones occur when salts in the urine form a solid crystal. These stones can block the flow of urine and cause infection, kidney damage or even kidney failure. They can vary in size and location. Kidney stones are sometimes called renal calculi.
Most kidney stones can be treated without surgery. However, pain can be so severe that hospital admission and very strong pain-relieving medication may be needed. Always seek immediate medical attention if you are suffering strong pain.
The risk of kidney stones is about one in 10 for men and one in 35 for women. After having one kidney stone, the chance of getting a second stone is between five and 10 per cent each year. Up to half the people with a first kidney stone will get a second stone within five years. After five years, the risk declines. However, some people keep getting stones their whole lives.
Types of Kidney Stones
There are four major types of kidney stones, including:
- stones formed from calcium not used by the bones and muscles, combined with oxalate or phosphate – these are the most common kidney stones
- stones containing magnesium and the waste product ammonia – these are called struvite stones and form after urine infections
- uric acid stones – these are formed when there is too much acid in the urine
- cystine stones – these are rare and hereditary.
A kidney stone can form when substances such as calcium, oxalate, cystine or uric acid are at high levels in the urine, although stones can form even if these chemicals are at normal levels.
Medications used for treating some medical conditions such as kidney disease, cancer or HIV can also increase your risk of developing kidney stones.
A small number of people get kidney stones because of some medical conditions, which can lead to high levels of calcium, oxalate, cystine or uric acid in the body.
Many people with kidney stones have no symptoms. However, some people do get symptoms, which may include:
- gripping pain in the back (also known as ‘renal colic’) – usually just below the ribs on one side, radiating around to the front and sometimes towards the groin. The pain may be severe enough to cause nausea and vomiting
- blood in the urine
- shivers, sweating and fever – if the urine becomes infected
- small stones, like gravel, passing out in the urine, often caused by uric acid stones
- urgent feeling of needing to urinate, due to a stone at the bladder outlet.
At Sannidhya Multispeciality Hospital, we use the latest technology and preventive techniques to provide comprehensive care for patients who have or are recovering from kidney stones. We are committed to provide best of the treatment & care to our patients. We are also dedicated to provide better environment and best post-surgical care, at the same time we timely introduce latest technology at Sannidhya Multispeciality Hospital.
The combination of excellent clinical expertise, infrastructure, talented staff and the availability of state-of-the-art diagnostic and treatment facilities makes Sannidhya an advanced center for Urology Endoscopic surgeries & Women Health.